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Home Remedies for Skin May 30, 2017

Posted by Farzana Naina in Skin care, Prevent wrinkles and sagging skin, Home Remedies for skin,.
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Natural remedies 2Coconut oil is used medicinally around the globe to treat a variety of health issues from asthma to wounds. Relating to the body’s largest organ, the skin, coconut oil helps to heal bruises, scrapes and burns; it helps fight premature aging in the skin and skin inflammation and it is a natural exfoliant. Virgin coconut oil fights to prevent wrinkles and sagging skin and to prevent and fade age spots. It is a protective antioxidant with no added fragrances or harmful chemicals.

Wash your face and hands with clean water. Dry gently with a soft towel.

Pour a few drops of coconut oil into the palm of your hand.

Apply the coconut oil to your face where the age spots have appeared and gently massage the oil into the skin. Massage the skin in an upward pattern toward the hair line. If the age spots are near the eyes, use the ring finger, only, as this is the weakest finger and will not pull the gentle skin around the eye area.

Apply coconut oil to your hands and arms if you have age spots in those areas. If you do not have age spots on your hands and arms, apply some there for age spot prevention.

Apply coconut oil to your age spots immediately after coming in from the sunshine to help repair any damage that the sun may have caused.


Usage of Lemon

Apply lemon juice directly to spots. Lemon juice contains an acid that may help break down melanin pigment and thus reduce the appearance of spots within a month or two. Vitamin C in lemons may directly bleach the skin as well. Cut a lemon into slices and place the slices directly on the brown spots. Leave it on for about 30 minutes and then rinse off with running water.

Be careful about combining lemon juice and direct sun exposure; there are reports that placing lemon juice on the skin can cause significant sunburns in direct sunlight. Other reports suggest that the bleaching of the brown spots is more effective in direct sunlight. It may be best limit sun exposure to lemon-juice treated brown spots to 10 minutes at a time.


Use a lemon juice and sugar combination. Squeeze the juice of one lemon into a bowl and add 2-4 tablespoons of sugar, slowly adding the sugar until it combines with the lemon juice to make a sort of paste.

Apply the mixture to each brown spot with a brush or a cotton swab.

Leave the paste on for about half an hour and then rinse it off with cool water.

This paste may dry your skin, so be sure to apply a moisturizer after every treatment.


Make a paste with honey, sugar, and lemon juice. Squeeze the juice of one lemon into a bowl and add up to 2 tablespoons of sugar (depending on how much juice the lemon had) and two tablespoons of honey, making a goopy paste.

Apply the mixture to each brown spot with a brush or a cotton swab.

Leave it on for a half hour and then rinse it off with cool water.

The honey provides moisture to protect your skin from over-drying.

Natural remedies 1

Learn about the power of enzymes. Enzymes are the workforce of the biochemical world. Enzymes change various substances without getting used up themselves, like nature’s catalytic converters. The enzymes may help break down melanin into colourless smaller parts.

The different foods described here contain different enzymes, but all classified as enzymes which break up proteins—the proteases or proteolytic enzymes.

These proteases include papain (in papaya), potato aspartic protease, and bromelain (in pineapple).

Grate a potato and mix with honey. Take one medium sized potato (any kind of white potato will work) and grate it into a bowl. Add enough honey to make a paste.

Apply the mixture to the brown spots.

Leave the mixture on for about 15 minutes, and then rinse it off with cool water.

Papaya Mask


Make a papaya mask. Scoop all of the pulp out of a papaya and mash it in a bowl until it is an even consistency. You may want to use a hand mixer to thoroughly mash the fruit.

Use a cotton swab or make-up brush to apply a mask to your face and any other area that has brown spots.

Leave the mask on until it dries and rinse off with cool water.



Use pineapple juice or a pineapple mask. Pour some pineapple juice into a bowl (ensure that it is 100% pineapple juice with no added sugar or juice your own pineapple). Using a cotton swab, apply the pineapple juice to any brown spot and leave it on until dry. Rinse off with cool water.

As an alternative, mash up some pineapple slices and apply as a mask to your face and any other area that has brown spots. Leave the mask on until dry, and then rinse off with cool water.

Try chickpeas


Cook ½ cup of chickpeas (also known as garbanzo beans) by measuring out ¼ cup of peas and boiling them in ½ of water. Boil until the peas are soft (15 minutes for canned beans or about an hour for dried beans), then remove from heat and cool.

When cooled, mash the cooked chick peas to make a paste.

Rub the paste onto the spots and let it dry. Rinse it off with cool water.

Yogurt For Skin Spots


Apply plain yogurt directly onto your face. As a dairy product, yogurt contains acids that can help lighten dark spots. The “good” bacteria in yogurt may be beneficial as well, as they are known to contain enzymes that can break down proteins like melanin.

Rub the plain yogurt onto your dark spots that need “fading”.

Leave on until the yogurt dries, and then rinse off with cool water.

Removing Skin spots

Mix plain yogurt with herbs. Some herbs may help the yogurt remove the spots from your skin. Apply the yogurt and herb mixture directly onto your face and any other area with spots. Leave on until dry, and then rinse off with cool water. The following herbs contain antioxidants and bioflavonoids that can help lighten brown spots when combined with yogurt:

1 tablespoon of mustard powder

1 tablespoon of turmeric/curcumin powder

1 tablespoon of aloe vera gel


Try castor oil

Castor oil contains antioxidants that can protect and lighten the skin. Soak a cotton ball with a few drops of castor oil and dab on your skin anywhere you want to fade the spots. Let it soak in and leave it on!

Use Vitamin E

Vitamin E has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and healing properties and can help fade dark spots on your skin. Open or pierce a liquid capsule of Vitamin E and apply directly to your dark spots. Let it soak in and leave it on!

Visit a dermatologist. Brown spots are harmless, but they can be mistaken for skin cancer. It’s always a good idea to have any spots on your skin checked by a dermatologist. Once your dermatologist has verified that the spots are merely cosmetic, you can take measures to reduce the appearance of the spots.

Learn your ABCDEs

Dermatologists often talk about the “ABCDEs” of skin cancer– ways to distinguish between skin cancer and a benign (non-cancerous) growth. Skin cancer tends to be:


With uneven Borders (edges)

With varied Colours (Different shades of brown, black and tan)

Larger in Diameter (¼ inch or 6mm)

Evolving (changing) in size, shape, colour, how much above the skin surface they are raised etc.

Skin Check

Look over your skin regularly. Most cancerous spots are marked by change, so keeping track of the way your skin looks can help you with early detection. Depending on factors such as time spent exposed to UV rays and family history, you may need to have your skin checked regularly by a professional dermatologist.

Make an avocado mask

Home remedies Get-Rid-of-Acne-Scars-at-Home-Without-Chemicals-Step-8-Avacado

Remove the pulp from one avocado, mash it, and apply it to the affected area for 10–15 minutes. Rinse it off with cool water and pat your skin dry with a soft washcloth. This remedy can be applied daily for people with dry, sensitive skin and twice a week for people with oily skin.

Avocado is a fruit rich in many vitamins, nutrients and fatty acids that stimulate collagen production and tissue repair. Vitamins such as vitamin A and C have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant properties that help protect the skin from harmful free radicals. Vitamin E helps moisturize the skin and reduce the appearance of scars.

Cleanser and Toner

Home remedies Get-Rid-of-Acne-Scars-at-Home-Without-Chemicals-Step-11

Make your own natural cleanser and toner. If you don’t want to buy a cleanser, head to the kitchen and make your own. Infuse one teaspoon of green tea, which contains natural antioxidants, in a cup of warm water for 3–5 minutes. Strain the tea into a clean bowl and let it cool for 15–20 minutes. Dip a cotton ball, facial wipe, or microdermabrasion cloth into the infusion and apply it to your skin.

Never apply makeup immediately after washing your skin. It can also clog your pores, causing more acne breakouts. Also be sure to use oil-free cosmetics for your skin and hair.


Use a gentle and natural exfoliant. Exfoliation can improve your skin’s appearance and remove dead skin cells, preventing acne. For a natural exfolliant, boil 1 tablespoon of organic oatmeal in ¼ cup water. Once it cools, gently massage the mixture onto your face. Oatmeal is a natural plant-based cleanser with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and photo protective properties. Its high concentration of starches helps the skin stay moisturized too, so it is safe to use for people with sensitive skin.

Before using any exfoliating products, ask your dermatologist what treatment may be right for your skin type. People with dry, sensitive skin should limit exfoliating to once or twice per week, while people with oily, thicker skin can exfoliate once every day.

Avoid parabens

Home remedies Get-Rid-of-Acne-Scars-at-Home-Without-Chemicals-Step-16

Parabens are preservatives used in many cosmetic products. Many studies have found that parabens can disrupt hormonal balance and put you at a higher risk of breast and uterine cancers. They can also cause skin irritation and inflammation for people who suffer from acne, and may be a potential allergen.

Butyl and propyl paraben are considered more toxic than methyl paraben and ethyl paraben, but the latter is more easily absorbed by the human body

Steam your pores

Before you think about squeezing or pulling them out, you need to really loosen the pores. Blackheads are very sticky and won’t come out easily, but by loosening the pores you give yourself the best chance of success. An excellent way to do this is to carefully hold your face at least a foot above a bowl of steaming water for ten to fifteen minutes. Getting any closer can cause burns.

Place a towel over your head so the steam can’t escape.

You will feel the steam beginning to loosen your pores.

You can also soak a washcloth in hot water and lay it over your face.

Book by Fatima Bhutto-Fine Arts in Karachi Jail April 29, 2010

Posted by Farzana Naina in Art, Karachi, Literature, Pakistan, Pakistani, Politics, Sindh.
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لہو اور تلوار کے گیت: فاطمہ بھٹو کی نئی کتاب

پاکستان کے پہلے منتخب وزیراعظم ذوالفقار علی بھٹو کی پوتی اور میر مرتضیٰ کی بیٹی فاطمہ بھٹو نے اپنی یادداشتوں پر مبنی ایک نئی کتاب، ’لہو اور تلوار کے گیت، ایک بیٹی کی یادیں‘، کے نام سے لکھی ہے۔ کتاب کی تقریب رونمائی کراچی کے علاقے کلفٹن میں ہو ءی

فاطمہ بھٹو کی تازہ کتاب چار سو ستر صفحات پر مشتمل ہے جو لندن کے ایک اشاعتی ادارے جوناتھن کیپ نے شائع کروائی ہے۔ فاطمہ بھٹو نے اپنی تازہ کتاب میں اپنی علیل دادی بیگم نصرت بھٹو اور والدہ غنویٰ بھٹو کے نام کی ہے۔

فاطمہ بھٹو کی کتاب کی تقریب رونمائی کلفٹن میں اس جگہ کے قریب منعقد کی گءی جہاں انیس سو چھیانوے میں فاطمہ بھٹو کے والد میر مرتضی بھٹو کو ایک پولیس مقابلے میں ہلاک کیا گیا تھا۔

فاطمہ نے کتاب کے سرورق پر بھٹو خاندان کی ان تمام شخصیات کے نام دیے ہیں جن کو مختلف ادوار میں ہلاک کیا گیا ہے۔ ان میں سب سے پہلے ذوالفقارعلی بھٹو کا نام ہے جن کو انیس سو اناسی میں فوجی دور حکومت میں پھانسی دے دی گئی، دوسرے نمبر پر شاہنواز بھٹو جو انیس سو پچاسی میں قتل ہوئے، تیسرے نمبر پر فاطمہ کے والد میر مرتضیٰ بھٹو جو انیس سو چھیانوے میں ہلاک کیے گئے اور آخر میں بینظیر بھٹو کا نام دیا گیا ہے جنہیں دو ہزار سات میں ہلاک کیا گیا۔

فاطمہ بھٹو نے اس سے قبل دو کتابیں لکھی ہیں جن میں ایک شاعری کی کتاب اور دوسری پاکستان میں آنے والے زلزلے کے متعلق ہے۔

فاطمہ بھٹو اپنی کتاب کی تقریب رونمائی کے انڈیا بھی جا رہی ہیں جہاں وہ دلی، ممبئی اور دیگر شہروں میں کتاب کے متعلق تقاریب میں شرکت کریں گی۔ کتاب کی اشاعت کے سلسلے میں لندن میں بھی تقاریب منعقد ہوں گی۔

کراچی جیل کے آرٹسٹ قیدی

پاکستان کی جیلوں میں ہنگاموں اور جرائم کے حوالے سے تو اکثر خبریں سننے کو ملتی ہی ہیں لیکن کراچی کی سینٹرل جیل اس لحاظ سے منفرد ہے کہ یہاں قیدیوں کو مختلف صحت افزا سرگرمیوں کے مواقع فراہم کیے جاتے ہیں۔

سینٹرل جیل کراچی میں قائم شعبہ فائن آرٹ چند سال پہلے قائم کیا گیا تھا جہاں اب اغوا برائے تاوان اور قتل میں ملوث قیدی پینسل، رنگ اور برش سے پینٹنگ کرتے دکھائی دیتے ہیں۔

شاید ہی پاکستان کی کسی اور جیل میں اس طرح کے مناظر دیکھنے کو ملتے ہونگے۔

سینٹرل جیل کراچی کے ایک کمرے میں فائن آرٹ کی کلاس روزانہ چھ سے آٹھ گھنٹے جاری رہتی ہے ، یہ کمرہ قیدیوں کے آرٹ کے نمونوں کی وجہ سے عام جیل کے کمرے سے زیادہ ایک آرٹ گیلری لگتا ہے۔

فائن آرٹ کی کلاس میں سید محمد ارسلان بھی زیرتربیت ہیں۔ارسلان لندن کی ایک یونیورسٹی میں سے ایم بی ای مارکیٹنگ کی تعلیم حاصل کرنے کے بعد پاکستان پہنچے اور وزارت دفاع میں ملازمت اختیار کی۔

چھ ماہ پہلے انہیں فوج کے فنڈز میں بدعنوانی کرنے کے مقدمے میں جیل بھیج دیا گیاہے اب وہ تین ماہ سے فائن آرٹ کی کلاس میں آ رہے ہیں۔

ارسلان کا کہنا ہے کہ انہوں نے پینسل سے کام کی ابتداء کی اور آج کل وہ برش اور واٹر کلر کا استعمال کرتے ہیں۔ان کے کام میں مایوسی کے رنگ نمایاں ہیں۔ارسلان کہتے ہیں کہ دن کا اکثر حصہ فائن آرٹ کلاس میں گزر جاتا ہے مگر وہ قید ہونے کی وجہ سے رات کو کھلا آسمان نہیں دیکھ سکتے۔ انھوں نے کہا کہ قیدی ہونے کے احساسات اب وہ رنگوں میں بیان کرتے ہیں۔

حسنین سینٹرل جیل میں قائم فائن آرٹ کی کلاس کے سینیئر طالبعلم ہیں۔ وہ اغوا برائے تاوان کے مقدمے میں دو سال سے قید ہیں۔حسنین کو قیدی لفظ سے سخت نفرت ہے، وہ کہتے ہیں کہ قیدی لفظ کا ٹیگ پوری زندگی معاشرے میں آپ کا تعاقب کرتا رہتا ہے۔حسنین کے مطابق پاکستانی معاشرتی ڈھانچے میں قیدی یا جیل کو اچھا نہیں سمجھا جاتا۔

سینٹرل جیل کراچی اٹھارہ سو ننانوے میں قائم ہوئی تھی۔ سینٹرل جیل کراچی میں تین ہزار سے زائد ملزم قید ہیں جن میں سے بیس بائیس کے قریب قیدی فائن آرٹ کی کلاس میں باقاعدہ حصہ لیتے ہیں۔

قیدیوں کو فائن آرٹ کی تعلیم ایک آرٹسٹ سکندر جوگی دیتے ہیں۔سکندر نے بی بی سی کو بتایا ہے کہ انہوں نے تین ماہ کا ایک شارٹ کورس قیدیوں کی تعلیم و تربیت کے لیے مخصوص کیا ہے۔سکندر کے مطابق قیدی کام کی ابتداء سٹل ورک سے کرتے ہیں بعد میں مکس میڈیا کے ذریعے چار کول، آئل پیسٹل اور سافٹ پیسٹل پر اپنے تجربات کرتے رہتے ہیں۔

سینٹرل جیل کراچی کے سپرنٹنڈنٹ نصرت حسین منگن کا کہنا ہے کہ انہوں نے جیل کا قدیم اور خوفناک تصور تبدیل کرنے کی کوشش کی ہے۔

Book 712 

Anna Molka Ahmed – pioneer of fine arts in Pakistan

The First Female Painter of Pakistan

Prof Anna Molka Ahmed (1917 – 1994) was a famous Pakistani artist and pioneer of fine arts in the newly born Pakistan in 1947. She was a professor of fine arts at the University of the Punjab in Lahore. She was among the pioneers of women artists in Pakistan and had been a long-time director and moving spirit behind the Fine Arts Department of the Punjab University, Lahore – the first institution that was opened to the women artists in Pakistan. “In fact she has been the facilitator of a movement that made the proactive role of women artists a possibility”. writes Nilofur Farrukh (president of International Art Critics Association, Pakistan Section). It is because of trendsetters like her that the feminist art in Pakistan is gaining strength away from traditional gender discriminatory dominance. In fact these days we are witnessing a gradual dismantling of social and gender classifications. Well this has not been easy, since a lot of women had to struggle hard to bring women atop many a prestigious positions – above men, Ana Molka Ahmed is one such women.  

“Nuclear Holocaust”

 She was born to Jewish parents, in London, UK in 1917. Her mother was Polish and father was a Russian. She studied painting, sculpture and design at St. Martin School of Arts, London. She converted to Islam at the age of 18 in 1935, before marrying Sheikh Ahmed, a would be Pakistani in October 1939. The couple moved to the Indian subcontinent in 1940-41 and settled in Lahore. Although, her marriage was over in 1951 yet she lived in Pakistan with her two daughters. She was awarded Tamgha-i-Imtiaz, President’s Pride of Performance Award in 1979, Quaid-e-Azam Award in 1982 and the Khdejatul Kubra Award in 1983 for her services in the field of fine arts education in the country. Professor Emeritus Anna Molka Ahmed set up a department, which has now become a centre of excellence for Fine Arts in Pakistan.

“The day of Resurrection – Qiyamat”

At the time of independence, there were only five or six Muslim students in the art department, and Anna Molka Ahmed went from one college to other seeking students for the arts department and thus was able to introduce art courses in the Punjab University. Her students became famous artists in the country and many of them are playing their role globally.

“The Hell (Jhahanum)”

“Heaven (Jannat)”

“A village outside Lahore”

Besides painting, she was an avid gardener. She would wear her trade mark while tending the garden, cutting hedges in new and artistic pattern, and went on painting and gardening till the very last time until she was ordered by the doctors to stop because it was straining her health badly.

Anna Molka also took to writing poetry in later part of her life.

Daylight after night.

Spring when birds sing.

Sunshine after rain.

So with life’s pain.

And confidence does not wane.

And courage sustains.

She breathed her last in 1994.

Commemorating Ana Molka, the Pakistan Post issued a Rs. 4 stamp depicting Ana’s portrait and one her masterpiece paintings. Anna Molka Ahmad created a new path and a new way of looking at objects. Her dream and passion will always serve as a guideline for emerging artists, especially the female artists of Pakistan as an inspiration to carry for the torch she ignited decades ago.