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Water Hyacinth June 30, 2010

Posted by Farzana Naina in Flowers, Sindh, Water Hyacinth.
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I bought my first Water hyacinth yesterday, Looking for it since long and suddenly I found it in Floraland Nottingham :).

With vibrant green color leaves, a fragrant and beautiful purple flower, and the ability to soak up excess pond nutrients faster than a frog hops off a hot rock in summer – the Water Hyacinth is a great plant to add to your water garden or pond.

Here are just some of it’s benefits:  They float, so you don’t have to worry about planting them or dividing them when they get too big (they divide automatically).

Hyacinths multiply like crazy, so you may only have to buy 4 or 5 and by the end of the summer, you will be giving them away to your friends.

They get a gorgeous purple flower when they bloom, that has a sweet smell to it as it sticks 4-5 inches above the top of the flower.

And most notable about the Hyacinth is it’s fantastic ability to soak up excess nutrients in your pond, as well as act as a ‘floating filter’.  It’s deep floating roots serve as natural filter brushes, trapping suspended silt and other debris in the water – just like an external filter brush would do.  Just shake your Hyacinth sometime, and notice all the silt come out and cloud the water.

And as far as absorbing algae causing nutrients, the Water Hyacinth is hands down the very best pond plant to help get your nutrient levels under control in your pond.

The species of water hyacinth comprise the genus Eichhornia. Water hyacinth are a free-floating perennial aquatic plant native to tropical and sub-tropical South America. With broad, thick, glossy, ovate leaves, water hyacinth may rise above the surface of the water as much as 1 meter in height. The leaves are 10–20 cm across, and float above the water surface. They have long, spongy and bulbous stalks. The feathery, freely hanging roots are purple-black. An erect stalk supports a single spike of 8-15 conspicuously attractive flowers, mostly lavender to pink in colour with six petals. When not in bloom, water hyacinth may be mistaken for frog’s-bit (Limnobium spongia).

One of the fastest growing plants known, water hyacinth reproduces primarily by way of runners or stolons, which eventually form daughter plants. It also produces large quantities of seeds, and these are viable up to thirty years. The common water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) are vigorous growers known to double their population in two weeks.

In Assamese they are known as Meteka. In Sinhala they are known as Japan Jabara (ජපන් ජබර) due to their use in World War II to fool Japanese pilots into thinking lakes were fields usable to land their aircraft, leading to crashes. In Burmese they are known as Baydar.

In Southern Pakistan, they are the Provincial flower of Sindh.